Finder tips and tricks: working with files and folders in Mac OS X

Finder Tips
Working in the Finder using tips and tricks.

Columns - tricks
- You can widen the columns by clicking on the border between and dragging it back and forth.
- Use the Option (Alt) key and all columns remain as wide.
- When you double-click these lines, the column is increased so that the names of the files are completely visible.

Choose the program yourself
1. Right-click the file to select another program, or let the Mac search for a program in the App Store.

2. You can also drag an icon of your choice in the Dock and drop it. "Drag and drop".

Change the program forever
Always want to open this kind of document with a particular program?
Select a document and choose Get Info from the File menu. Or do a right click:

Change it to Open with: program X.
Then choose Change All.

Note: The Mac will ask whether you know for sure :

Finder Preferences
Preferences for the use of folders can be found under the Finder menu in Preferences = > General.

For example: what a new Finder window should show you at default. This can be any folder you desire. Choose ' Other ... ' and select the folder of your choice.

Finder Preferences : Sidebar
Under Sidebar, you can check and uncheck what the Sidebar should show.

Size of text and icons in the Finder
The size of the icons and text in the Finder, you'll find under the View = > Show View Options menu.

Working faster in the Finder
Clicking your right mouse button will pop up a context menu. This can also be used on the Desktop.

Compressing or 'zipping' a file
Right - click on a file to Compress: Creating a .zip file of it.

And there it is:

Note: Zipping is one of the most common forms of compression, also for Windows and Linux. Useful if you need to email or archive a large file.

File Extensions
In Windows, it is custom that behind every file an extension is listed. This three- letter combination indicates what kind of file it is. To display this file extensions on you Mac , go to Finder Preferences = > Advanced = > Show all filename extensions.

Show the path to a file
The exact location of a file on the hard drive can be shown through the View Menu = > Show Path Bar.

From now on you can find the exact location of your file back at the bottom of any Finder window:

Note: In writing this location would be /Users/macosxtutorial/Documents/Mavericks Screenshots ENGLISH

Key combinations or Shortcuts / Hot Keys
It is convenient to work wit Key combinations (shortcuts), This is faster and more ergonomic than using a mouse. Behind almost every command in the menu bar you see a strange thingy with a letter or number behind it.

This cloverleaf -like symbol refers to the Command keys on your keyboard:

Command - W close window
Command - A to select all (ALL)
Command - C Copy selected (copy)
Command - V then paste it on the spot indicated
Command - X cut (remove selected) (SCISSORS)
Command -S save document (SAVE)
Command - N New Window / New Document (NEW)
Command -Shift - N New Folder
Command - O Open (OPEN)
Command ? Heeeeeeelp!
Command - F Search (FIND)
Command - Z Recovery
Command - Q End of program (QUIT)
Command - Tab Switching between programs
Command - delete Throw the selected into the Trash

Note: In the various programs you can find a lot more and also very specific. Check out their menus to find them.

Disclaimer: MacMiep is independent. This means she writes what she wants, based on 25+ years of Mac-experience. She doesn't get paid for stories (positive or negative) on this website.